Context Resources for Black Cultures

Other Neighborhoods:   Upscale   Mainstay   Working   Country   Aspiring    Urban
Community Types:   Upscale   Mainstay   Working   Country   Aspiring  Urban
Cultural Neighborhoods:  Black   Hispanic   Asian   Native   Islander   White 
Living Spaces:   MultiFamily   Student   Military   Correctional   Medical  SingleFamily

Selected Context Resources for Black Cultural Neighborhoods

Each of the six black cultural neighborhoods offers a unique living situation.  Below are non-religious resources that describe and discuss black cultural contexts.


About African-American Culture and Society

 
The African-American Atlas: Black History and Culture--An Illustrated Reference
by Molefi K. Asante and Mark T. Mattso

The historical and cultural atlas of African Americans provides colorful pages filled with primary and secondary source facsimiles in the form of: maps, charts, pictures and various other reproductions. The evidentiary data housed within the text was carefully gathered via a balance of in-depth interviews with numbers of individuals across the globe. The authors of this text release truths seldom addressed publically regarding the wealth and breathe of resources given humanity through free and enslaved Black peoples originating from mother Africa. Explanatory data on a myriad of subjects within a chronological context ensures the information provided within this text is balanced with rich firsthand accounts of pivotal events, the thoughts, talk and actions of individuals and groups of people whose lives greatly impacted the days and lives of those now identified as Black/Africans in America/African Americans.

 
Black is the New Green: Marketing to Affluent African Americans
by Leonard E. Burnett, Jr. and Andrea Hoffma

The general market for luxury goods has become stagnant. Given the new economic reality of the early 21st Century—not to mention the all-important new demographics of the new century—it’s bad business to continue to rely on luxury’s traditional customer base to support sales, or on tired marketing strategies and tactics. In Black is the New Green authors Burnett and Hoffman show readers how to follow in the footsteps laid down by brands such as Gucci, HSBC, Sony Electronics, and Aston Martin, amongst others, to become successful in a segment corporations can’t afford to overlook if growth is the objective. The total number of affluent ethnic households in the United States in now estimated at over 1.3 million, the buying power of affluent African Americans (referred to as AAA’s in this book) is currently $87.3 billion. It would be foolish in the extreme not to tap into this rich buying segment, yet that is exactly what the marketing arms of companies do all too frequently. Sometimes this is because the executives in a particular marketing department are unaware of the potential that exists within this segment, sometimes it’s because they are baffled about how to reach out to this segment and sometimes it’s because they think they lack the money or resources to make a credible effort at adding a whole new segment. And sometimes, unfortunately, it’s because they have reached out in the past but their efforts were unappealing to the AAA audience. Black is the New Green will sho…

 
African American Music: An Introduction
by Mellonee V. Burnim and Portia K. Maultsby, editors

American Music: An Introduction, Second Edition is a collection of seventeen essays surveying major African American musical genres, both sacred and secular, from slavery to the present. With contributions by leading scholars in the field, the work brings together analyses of African American music based on ethnographic fieldwork, which privileges the voices of the music-makers themselves, woven into a richly textured mosaic of history and culture. At the same time, it incorporates musical treatments that bring clarity to the structural, melodic, and rhythmic characteristics that both distinguish and unify African American music. The second edition has been substantially revised and updated, and includes new essays on African and African American musical continuities, African-derived instrument construction and performance practice, techno, and quartet traditions. Musical transcriptions, photographs, illustrations, and a new audio CD bring the music to life.

 
African American Sociology
by editors, James L. Conyers, Alva P. Barnet

With an interdisciplinary approach and a holistic analysis, this text examines the issues and schema of economic, social, political, historical, and policy conditions as they pertain to the social psychology of Black Americans and Africans. Each contributor offers an analysis of some significant black issue such as foreign policy, segregation, and poverty.

 
Jubilee: The Emergence of African-American Culture
by Howard Dodson; with Amiri Baraka... [et al.]

The word jubilee means, among other things, "a celebration in anticipation of future happiness." Based on new scholarship by the Schomburg Center, Jubilee presents a fresh, new perspective on how enslaved Africans triumphed over slavery. Working as creative agents of their own destiny within the shackles of slavery, enslaved Africans reinvented themselves as a new people - a new American people - laying the foundations for truly unique African-American social, cultural, political, and economic e…

 
The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
by Henry Louis Gates and Donald Yacovone

The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross is the companion book to the six-part, six hour documentary of the same name, airing on national, primetime public television in the fall of 2013. The series is the first to air since 1968 that chronicles the full sweep of 500 years of African American history, from the origins of slavery on the African continent and the arrival of the first black conquistador, Juan Garrido, in Florida in 1513, through five centuries of remarkable historic events right up to today—when Barack Obama is serving his second term as President, yet our country remains deeply divided by race and class. The book explores these topics in even more detail than possible in the television series, and examines many other fascinating matters as well, such as the ethnic origins—and the regional and cultural diversity—of the Africans whose enslavement led to the creation of the African American people. It delves into the multiplicity of cultural institutions, political strategies, and religious and social perspectives that African Americans have created in the half a millennium since their African ancestors first arrived on these shores. Like the television series, this book guides readers on an engaging journey through the Black Atlantic world—from Africa and Europe to the Caribbean, Latin America, and the United States—to shed new light on what it has meant, and means, to be an African American. By highlighting the complex internal debates and class differences…

 
Culturism: Why African-Americans Must Stop Blaming Racism for Their Problems and Start Taking Full Responsibility
by Scott Hampton

In recent years, highly publicized controversies (such as the deaths of Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown) have brought racial tensions to the forefront in America. As a result of these events, accusations of racism are being hurled at white people (and other non-blacks) like socially divisive weapons of mass destruction on a frequently recurring basis. However, the resentments blacks have towards whites are not new; they've existed for decades. Thanks to social media and the 24-hour news cycle, the feelings of acrimony blacks have towards whites are now on full display. Yet, despite the racial turmoil that currently plagues the U.S., the majority of white Americans are not racist; they do notharbor any hatred or feelings of superiority towards black Americans based strictly on skin color. Furthermore, the majority of blacks are not (and never will be) the victims of systemic (or overt) racism. Moreover, black Americans are failing to take full accountability and responsibility for the many urgent problems (high crime, high teen pregnancy rates, etc.) that have infested their community because they are too busy casting out misdirected, unjustifiable accusations of racism. But if most white people aren't racist and most modern blacks aren't victims of racism, where are these accusations of racism coming from? One key fact is instrumental in the formulation of these racial dissensions: Black and white Americans don't understand the difference between racism and culturism. If black Americans understood culturism, they'd no longer accuse white people of being racist. If white Americans understood culturism, they'd no longer be on the receiving end of those accusations. More importantly, black Americans would begin taking full responsibility and accountability for fixing the problems that currently plague their community (instead of shifting blame). In this groundbreaking book, Scott Hampton irrefutably explains why culturism is the key to ending racial tensions in the United States, healing the black community, and making America a far more peaceful, harmonious, and hospitable place to live for citizens of all races.

 
African American Families Today: Myths and Realities
by Angela J. Hattery, Earl Smith

From teen pregnancy and single parenting to athletics and HIV/AIDS, myths about African American families abound. This provocative book by two acclaimed scholars of race and ethnicity debunks many common myths about black families in America, sharing stories and drawing on the latest research to show the realities.African American Families Today examines the well-being of African American families around topics including marriage, health, education, incarceration, wealth, and more. Authors Angela J. Hattery and Earl Smith show that even though the election of the first African American president, Barack Obama, has been symbolically important for African Americans, his presidency has not had a measurable impact on the daily lives of African American families. As the book shows, racial inequality persists - we're clearly not in a "post-racial" society.

 
Africanisms in American culture
by Joseph E. Holloway (editor)

An important work in the field of diaspora studies for the past decade, this collection has inspired scholars and others to explore a trail blazed originally by Melville J. Herskovits, the father of New World African studies. Since its original publication, the field has changed considerably. Africanism has been explored in its broader dimensions, particularly in the area of white Africanisms. Thus, the new edition has been revised and expanded. Joseph E. Holloway has written three essays for the new volume. The first uses a transnational framework to examine how African cultural survivals have changed over time and readapted to diasporic conditions while experiencing slavery, forced labor, and racial discrimination. The second essay is "Africanisms in African American Names in the United States." The third reconstructs Gullah history, citing numerous Africanisms not previously identified by others. In addition, "The African Heritage of White America" by John Phillips has been revised to take note of many more instances of African cultural survivals in white America and to present a new synthesis of approaches.

 
African American Acculturation: Deconstructing Race and Reviving Culture
by Hope Landrine, Elizabeth A. Klonof

Should African Americans be construed as a race or as an ethnic group? If African Americans are defined as an ethnic group, what role does culture play in their lives and how can we measure their culture? This groundbreaking volume argues that we should reject the concept of race and define African Americans as a cultural group. It presents the first scale ever devised for measuring acculturation among African Americans, along with powerful studies that empirically explore the role of culture and acculturation in African American behavior, health, and psychology. Among the authors' findings are how acculturation predicts symptoms, such as depression and anxiety, and physical problems, such as hypertension.

 
African American art and artists
by Samella Lewis; foreword by Floyd Coleman; new introduction by Mary Jane Hewit

Samella Lewis has brought African American Art and Artists fully up to date in this revised and expanded edition. The book now looks at the works and lives of artists from the eighteenth century to the present, including new work in traditional media as well as in installation art, mixed media, and digital/computer art. Mary Jane Hewitt, an author, curator, and longtime friend of Samella Lewis's, has written an introduction to the new edition. Generously and handsomely illustrated, the book continues to reveal the rich legacy of work by African American artists, whose art is now included in the permanent collections of national and international museums as well as in major private collections.

 
Black Stats: African Americans by the Numbers in the Twenty-first Century
by Monique W. Morris

Black Stats—a comprehensive guide filled with contemporary facts and figures on African Americans—is an essential reference for anyone attempting to fathom the complex state of our nation. With fascinating and often surprising information on everything from incarceration rates, lending practices, and the arts to marriage, voting habits, and green jobs, the contextualized material in this book will better attune readers to telling trends while challenging commonly held, yet often misguided, perceptions. A compilation that at once highlights measures of incredible progress and enumerates the disparate impacts of social policies and practices, this book is a critical tool for advocates, educators, and policy makers. Black Stats offers indispensable information that is sure to enlighten discussions and provoke debates about the quality of Black life in the United States today—and help chart the path to a better future. There are less than a quarter-million Black public school teachers in the U.S.—representing just 7 percent of all teachers in public schools. Approximately half of the Black population in the United States lives in neighborhoods that have no White residents. In the five years before the Great Recession, the number of Black-owned businesses in the United States increased by 61 percent. A 2010 study found that 41 percent of Black youth feel that rap music videos should be more political. There are no Black owners or presidents of an NFL franchise team. 78 …

 
African-American Art
by Sharon F. Patton

From its origins in early eighteenth century slave communities to the end of the twentieth century, African-American art has made a vital contribution to the art of the United States. African-American Art provides a major reassessment of the subject, setting the art in the context of the African-American experience. Here, Patton discusses folk and decorative arts such as ceramics, furniture, and quilts alongside fine art, sculptures, paintings, and photography during the 1800s. She also examines the New Negro Movement of the 1920s, the era of Civil Rights and Black Nationalism during the 1960s and 70s, and the emergence of new black artists and theorists in the 1980s and 90s. New evidence suggests different ways of looking at African-American art, confirming that it represents the culture and society from which it emerges. Here, Patton explores significant issues such as the relationship of art and politics, the influence of galleries and museums, the growth of black universities, critical theory, the impact of artists collectives, and the assortment of art practices since the 1960s. African-American Art shows that in its cultural diversity and synthesis of cultures it mirrors those in American society as a whole.

 
African American Issues
by Kevin D. Roberts

The major issues for African Americans today, such as poverty, low graduation rates, high rates of out-of-wedlock births, and high rates of incarceration, are of national importance. This volume provides a solid foundation on the basis of which high school, community college, and college students can understand and debate nine of today's crucial issues in the context of the past and the present. These issues are slavery reparations, crime and punishment, cultural assimilation, Affirmative Action, school vouchers, standardized tests, Welfare-to-Work, stereotypes, and election reform. The history of slavery, segregation, and racism continue to impact African Americans and the rest of society. For the youth of today, born after the major gains of the Civil Rights Movement, this book will be valuable to see how much more progress is needed. They will find an historical overview of the issues, learn about the main players, and read about the different sides. Under the topical chapters, readers will be able to consider the fuller spectrum of news items, such as the basis of Kwanzaa, whether comic Bill Cosby's comments about African Americans are on target, and what can be done about the voting disenfranchising in our current political system. Current events will be made more meaningful with this authoritative information and the interactive debates and activities.

 
Disintegration: The Splintering of Black America
by Eugene Robinson

"There was a time when there were agreed-upon 'black leaders,' when there was a clear 'black agenda,' when we could talk confidently about 'the state of black America' but not anymore." --from Disintegration. The African American population in the United States has always been seen as a single entity: a "Black America" with unified interests and needs. In his groundbreaking book, Disintegration, Pulitzer-Prize winning columnist Eugene Robinson argues that over decades of desegregation, affirmative action, and immigration, the concept of Black America has shattered. Instead of one black America, now there are four: 1. a Mainstream middle-class majority with a full ownership stake in American society; 2. a large, Abandoned minority with less hope of escaping poverty and dysfunction than at any time since Reconstruction's crushing end; 3. a small Transcendent elite with such enormous wealth, power, and influence that even white folks have to genuflect; 4. and two newly Emergent groups -- individuals of mixed-race heritage and communities of recent black immigrants -- that make us wonder what "black" is even supposed to mean. Robinson shows that the four black Americas are increasingly distinct, separated by demography, geography, and psychology. They have different profiles, different mindsets, different hopes, fears, and dreams. What's more, these groups have become so distinct that they view each other with mistrust and apprehension. And yet all are reluctant to acknowledge division. Disintegration offers a new paradigm for understanding race in America, with implications both hopeful and dispiriting. It shines necessary light on debates about affirmative action, racial identity, and the ultimate question of whether the black community will endure.

 
African American Psychology: From Africa to America
by Faye Z. (Zollicoffer) Belgrave and Keven W. (Wendell) Allison

African American Psychology: From Africa to America provides students with comprehensive coverage of African American psychology as a field. Authors Faye Z. Belgrave and Kevin W. Allison expertly convey the integration of African and American influences on the psychology of African Americans. They illustrate how this group’s contemporary values, beliefs, and behaviors are derived from African culture and translated by the cultural socialization experiences of African Americans in this country. The text provides examples of evidence-based practices for improving well-being among African American communities, and addresses key methodological and research issues that are relevant to conducting research in this field. Each chapter of the text further addresses a contemporary issue of African Americans and provides a critical analysis of literature and research on select topics.

 
Social Work Practice with African-American Families
by Cheryl Waites, editor

Be more effective by understanding African American families from an intergenerational perspective. Social workers looking to provide competent practice with African American families may be more effective by using a new strengths-based approach from an intergenerational perspective. Social Work Practice with African American Families presents a comprehensive look at this new approach to view, assess, and provide services to multigenerational families and communities. It closely examines this useful innovative framework which encourages opportunities for action to create solutions for survival and change. The approach dynamically considers the changing demographics in American society, key issues, and the various challenges pertinent to the African American community. This text offers a strong, culturally competent approach to social work practice for African American families that takes into consideration the latest policies, programs, and demographic changes. It also incorporates the voices of African American families, along with teaching that focuses on strengths derived from the transfer of information and support between multiple generations. The book is extensively referenced and provides tables to clearly present data. Topics discussed include: the importance of strong kinship bonds demographic changes mutually supportive intergenerational relationships intergenerational policy intergenerational programs cultural genograms assessment issues long term care giving issues intergenerational influences on education the role of intergenerational knowledge transfer in church community programming and much more! Social Work Practice with African American Families is a valuable resource for social workers, counselors, educators, and students in African American studies and family studies.


About African Immigrants

 
Invisible Sojourners: African Immigrant Diaspora in the United States
by John A. Arthur

Arthur documents the role that Africa's best and brightest play in the new migration of population from less developed countries to the United States. He highlights how Africans negotiate and forge relationships among themselves and with the members of the host society. Multiple aspects of the African immigrants' social world, family patterns, labor force participation, and formation of cultural identities are also examined. He lays out the long term aspirations of the immigrants within the context of the geo-political, economic, and social conditions in Africa. Ultimately, Arthur explains why people leave Africa, what they encounter, their interactions with the host society, and their attitudes about American social institutions. He also provides information about the social changes and policies that African countries need to adopt to stem the tide, or even reverse, the African brain drain. A detailed analysis for scholars, students, and other researchers involved with African and immigration studies and contemporary American society.

 
Kids Like Me: Voices of the Immigrant Experience
by by Judith M. Blohm & Terri Lapinsky

As our neighborhoods grow more diverse, a variety of cultures, values and traditions become an important part of our classrooms and schools. In Kids Like Me: Voices of the Immigrant Experience, twenty-six personal narratives celebrate the experiences of young people making new homes in unfamiliar communities - finding common ground as they make new friends, learn different languages and share their unique cultural identities. Kids Like Me personalizes the important themes of cultures and customs…

 
Young Children of Black Immigrants in America
by Randy Capps (Editor), Michael Fix (Editor

This book examines the well-being and development of children in black immigrant families (most with parents from Africa and the Caribbean). There are 1.3 million such children in the United States. While children in these families account for 11 percent of all black children in America and represent a rapidly growing segment of the U.S. population, they remain largely ignored by researchers. To address this important gap in knowledge, the Migration Policy Institute's (MPI) National Center on Im…

 
Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora
by Carole Elizabeth Boyce Davies (Editor)

The field of African Diaspora studies is rapidly growing. Until now there was no single, authoritative source for information on this broad, complex discipline. Drawing on the work of over 300 scholars, this encyclopedia fills that void. Now the researcher, from high school level up, can go to a single reference for information on the historical, political, economic, and cultural relations between people of African descent and the rest of the world community.Five hundred years of relocation and dislocation, of assimilation and separation have produced a rich tapestry of history and culture into which are woven people, places, and events. This authoritative, accessible work picks out the strands of the tapestry, telling the story of diverse peoples, separated by time and distance, but retaining a commonality of origin and experience. Organized in A to Z sections covering global topics, country of origin, and destination country, the work is designed for easy use by all.

 
The African Diaspora
by Toyin Falola

The African diaspora is arguably the most important event in modern African history. From the fifteenth century to the present, millions of Africans have been dispersed--many of them forcibly, others driven by economic need or political persecution--to other continents, creating large communities with African origins living outside their native lands. The majority of these communities are in North America. This historic displacement has meant that Africansare irrevocably connected to economic and political developments in the West and globally. Among the known legacies of the diaspora are slavery, colonialism, racism, poverty, and underdevelopment, yet the ways in which these samefactors worked to spur the scattering of Africans are not fully understood--by those who were part of this migration or by scholars, historians, and policymakers. In this definitive study of the diaspora in North America, Toyin Falola offers a causal history of the western dispersion of Africans and its effects on the modern world. Reengaging old and familiar debates and framing new ones that enrich the discourse surrounding Africa, Falola isolates the thread, running nearly six centuries, that connects the history of slavery, the transatlantic slave trade, and current migrations. A boon to scholars and policymakers and accessible to the general reader, the book explores diverse narratives of migration and shows that the cultures that migrated from Africa to the Americas have the capacity to unite an…

 
Black Ethnics: Race, Immigration, and the Pursuit of the American Dream
by Christina M. Greer

The steady immigration of black populations from Africa and the Caribbean over the past few decades has fundamentally changed the racial, ethnic, and political landscape in the United States. But how will these "new blacks" behave politically in America? Using an original survey of New York City workers and multiple national data sources, Christina M. Greer explores the political significance of ethnicity for new immigrant and native-born blacks. In an age where racial and ethnic identities intersect, intertwine, and interact in increasingly complex ways, Black Ethnics offers a powerful and rigorous analysis of black politics and coalitions in the post-Civil Rights era.

 
The African Diaspora: A History Through Culture
by Patrick Manning

Patrick Manning refuses to divide the African diaspora into the experiences of separate regions and nations. Instead, he follows the multiple routes that brought Africans and people of African descent into contact with one another and with Europe, Asia, and the Americas. In weaving these stories together, Manning shows how the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean fueled dynamic interactions among black communities and cultures and how these patterns resembled those of a number of connected diasporas concurrently taking shaping across the globe. Manning begins in 1400 and traces five central themes: the connections that enabled Africans to mutually identify and hold together as a global community; discourses on race; changes in economic circumstance; the character of family life; and the evolution of popular culture. His approach reveals links among seemingly disparate worlds. In the mid-nineteenth century, for example, slavery came under attack in North America, South America, southern Africa, West Africa, the Ottoman Empire, and India, with former slaves rising to positions of political prominence. Yet at the beginning of the twentieth century, the near-elimination of slavery brought new forms of discrimination that removed almost all blacks from government for half a century. Manning underscores the profound influence that the African diaspora had on world history, demonstrating the inextricable link between black migration and the rise of modernity, especially in regards to the processes of industrialization and urbanization. A remarkably inclusive and far-reaching work, The African Diaspora proves that the advent of modernity cannot be imaginatively or comprehensively engaged without taking the African peoples and the African continent as a whole into account.

 
Africans and Americans: Embracing Cultural Differences
by Joseph Mbele

This book discusses differences between African and American culture, to help prevent cultural miscommunication which might poison or ruin relationships between Africans and Americans. I am lucky to have lived in both Africa and America, and I feel privileged and obliged to share my views and experiences with others.

 
West Indian Immigrants: A Black Success Story?
by Suzanne Model

West Indian immigrants to the United States fare better than native-born African Americans on a wide array of economic measures, including labor force participation, earnings, and occupational prestige. Some researchers argue that the root of this difference lies in differing cultural attitudes toward work, while others maintain that white Americans favor West Indian blacks over African Americans, giving them an edge in the workforce. Still others hold that West Indians who emigrate to this country are more ambitious and talented than those they left behind. In West Indian Immigrants, sociologist Suzanne Model subjects these theories to close historical and empirical scrutiny to unravel the mystery of West Indian success. West Indian Immigrants draws on four decades of national census data, surveys of Caribbean emigrants around the world, and historical records dating back to the emergence of the slave trade. Model debunks the notion that growing up in an all-black society is an advantage by showing that immigrants from racially homogeneous and racially heterogeneous areas have identical economic outcomes. Weighing the evidence for white American favoritism, Model compares West Indian immigrants in New York, Toronto, London, and Amsterdam, and finds that, despite variation in the labor markets and ethnic composition of these cities, Caribbean immigrants in these four cities attain similar levels of economic success. Model also looks at "movers" and "stayers" from Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad, and Guyana, and finds that emigrants leaving all four countries have more education and hold higher status jobs than those who remain. In this sense, West Indians immigrants are not so different from successful native-born African Americans who have moved within the U.S. to further their careers. Both West Indian immigrants and native-born African-American movers are the "best and the brightest"--they are more literate and hold better jobs than those who stay put. While political debates about the nature of black disadvantage in America have long fixated on West Indians' relatively favorable economic position, this crucial finding reveals a fundamental flaw in the argument that West Indian success is proof of native-born blacks' behavioral shortcomings. Proponents of this viewpoint have overlooked the critical role of immigrant self-selection. West Indian Immigrants is a sweeping historical narrative and definitive empirical analysis that promises to change the way w…

 
The New African Diaspora
by Isidore Okpewho and Nkiru Nzegw (editors)

The New York Times reports that since 1990 more Africans have voluntarily relocated to the United States and Canada than had been forcibly brought here before the slave trade ended in 1807. The key reason for these migrations has been the collapse of social, political, economic, and educational structures in their home countries, which has driven Africans to seek security and self-realization in the West. This lively and timely collection of essays takes a look at the new immigrant experience. It traces the immigrants' progress from expatriation to arrival and covers the successes as well as problems they have encountered as they establish their lives in a new country. The contributors, most immigrants themselves, use their firsthand experiences to add clarity, honesty, and sensitivity to their discussions of the new African diaspora.

 
African immigrant religions in America
by editors Jacob K. Olupona and Regina Gemignan

African immigration to North America has been rapidly increasing. Yet, little has been written about this significant group of immigrants and the particular religious traditions that they are transplanting on our shores, as scholars continue largely to focus instead on immigrants from Europe and Asia. African Immigrant Religions in America focuses on new understandings and insights concerning the presence and relevance of African immigrant religious communities in the United States. It explores the profound significance of religion in the lives of immigrants and the relevance of these growing communities for U.S. social life. It describes key social and historical aspects of African immigrant religion in the U.S. and builds a conceptual framework for theory and analysis. The volume broadens our understandings of the ways in which new immigration is changing the face of Christianity in the U.S. and adds needed breadth to the study of the black church, incorporating the experiences of African immigrant religious communities in America.

 
The Man From Africa: The Cultural Differences Experienced by an African Immigrant Living in the United States
by Christopher Osagie

In his memoir, The Man from Africa, author Christopher Osagie describes the cultural differences that he experienced when he moved from Africa to the United States. In spite of these differences, he adjusts to his new life and learns to appreciate the higher moral standards in his new country. From being a pest control technician to becoming a poultry specialist, he demonstrates the abundance of opportunities available to anyone who is ready and willing to work very hard. In Nigeria, as in many other African countries, immigrating to the United States is a common dream. The United States is usually referred to as "God's own country" because of the perceived limitless opportunities available to all those willing to work hard in order to achieve their individual ambitions. Consequently, Nigerians with successful careers-even established professionals, such as medical doctors, lawyers, and engineers-have chosen to leave behind all that they have achieved in order to immigrate to the United States, where they believe they will have the opportunity to attain even more. The Man from Africa was written to enlighten new immigrants from other countries in Africa and from all over the world about what to expect if they choose to immigrate to the United States.

 
Problematizing Blackness: Self Ethnographies by Black Immigrants to the United States
by Jean Muteba Rahier and Percy Hintzen

This cutting-edge piece of scholarship studies the invisibility of the black migrants in popular consciousness and intellectual discourse in the United States through the interrogation of actual members of this community.

 
African Immigrants and African Americans: COMMUNITY OR CONFLICT?
by Eugene Walton

There is the assumption that two peoples of a common origin but separated by centuries of similar historical tragedies would automatically reunite in brotherhood if they were ever brought back together. That assumption was tested by the research for African Immigrants and African Americans: Community or Conflict? African Americans emerged from slavery and Africans emerged from Colonialism to be potentially reunited in 21st Century America. This book’s first focus is on the First Wave of African “immigrants” to America and how they survived the nightmare” of slavery to become today’s African Americans. The second focus is on how the Cold War brought an end to Colonialism and the beginning of widespread African migrations to Europe and America. During this Cold War the U.S. Information Agency kept track of Africans’ attitudes though public opinion surveys. The surveys were principally about U.S. foreign policy, but data on Africans’ attitudes toward American Negroes was also collected. The survey results were classified for 50 years and are just now being publically released for the first time in this book. The major focus however, is on the 1970-2000 “Second Wave” of African migrations to the United States and their reaction to the prospect of a potential “Grand Reunion” with African Americans on this side of the Atlantic. The research centered on their actions, writings and statements that explain why they want no “community” with African Americans

 
African Immigrants in a Diverse United States
by Edward Larna Wonkeryor

An overview of the involuntary and voluntary immigration of people of African nativity to the United States and discussion of the pre- and post-1960 African immigrant experience. Includes useful statistics on the U.S. African immigrant population from the colonial era to 2011.

 
Across the Atlantic: African Immigrants in the United States Diaspora
by Emmanual Yewah

This book offers a fresh multidisciplinary perspective towards an understanding of African immigration to the United States diaspora, by documenting for the first time, an empirical analysis of how media and literary portrayal of the United States create impressions of America and thus the desire to migrate. It expands on how pre-departure characteristics including socialization experiences, religious traditions, and practices such as African foods, cultural festivals and African languages impact African immigrants' adaptation and coping mechanisms amid challenges at the country of destination. It brings to the fore how African immigrants' ethnic group identities at the country of origin determine ethnic relations and cultural integration in the society of encounter. Additionally, it explicates how the social organization of the African family influences remittance flows. Finally, the book elucidates on how Africans in Diasporas impact the reconstruction of homelands' political identities as well as the effect of African Diaspora cyber-citizenship and cyber political activities on the conception of African national identity.


Selected Black Immigrant Countries of Origin

 
Culture and customs of the Central African Republic
by Jacqueline Woodfork

The Central African Republic is one of the least-known African countries. This volume is the first to give a cultural overview of the key elements of this former French colony. Wood fork shows how the Republic has the fundamental building blocks, with plenty of natural resources, to take on the challenges of the modern world. The diverse ethnic groups, including Bandas and pygmies, are responding to changes such as increased urbanization. Readers will learn about the various ways of life of the major groups and their farming, nomadic pastoral, and trading pursuits. The aggressive Islamic and Christian evangelizing alongside witchcraft and indigenous beliefs in other deities and spirits in the Central African Republic is covered as well. The chapter on food and clothing discusses the great vocabularies for food and drink in the country and the typical vibrantly colored clothes. The indigenous and French influences in cultural institutions such as education and media and literary output are explained. Insight into the family and women's roles, celebrations, and music and dance is given as well.

 
Culture And Customs Of Ethiopia
by Solomon Addis Getahun & Wudu Tafete Kassu

Explore the fascinating culture of Ethiopia, a highly diverse nation built on the foundations of ancient kingdoms—truly a melting pot of traditions from Africa as well as other continents. With increasing freedom of speech and growing access to technology, Ethiopians are better able—and more eager—than ever to share ideas, art, and information not only with each other, but with the rest of the world. This detailed volume offers readers informed perspectives on one of the world's oldest populations, covering its long-ago history as well as its evolution in the 21st century. Readers will discover Ethiopa's collection of written and oral stories, unique art and architecture inspired by royalty and religion, delicious cuisine, and many forms of music, dress, and dance. The book's chapters also describe important changes in Ethiopia's social customs, prevalent attitudes regarding women, and the nation's historically oppressive political system.

 
Culture and customs of the Congo
by Tshilemalema Mukenge

The Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly Zaire, continues to struggle with socioeconomic and political development. Culture and Customs of the Congo provides the full context of traditional culture and modern practices against a backdrop of a turbulent history. The volume opens up a land and peoples little known in the United States. Written expressly to meet the needs of students and the general audience, the work will inform about the geography, economy, political history, and history from the slave trade to dictatorship; ancestral religions and inroads of western faiths; ancestral literary heritage and communication; art, architecture, and housing; diet and dress; marriage, family, and women; lifestyles and life events, and traditional and modern music and dance. Congolese society comprises hundreds of ethnic groups, such as the Luba, the Kongo, and the Kuba. The countryside is largely based on the hunting and gathering, herding, and farming lifestyles. The city is marked by lifestyles reflecting the prevalence of small business activities and increasing cultural sycretism of customs from different parts of the Congo and Western imports. Mukenge's narrative gives the diverse perspectives of their cultures with their fascinating juxtapositions to our familiar western ways. Examples of this are found in the Religion and Worldview chapter, which discusses ancestral religions, the spirits of the land, and supernatural power practitioners. The Literature chapter covers verbal competition and game songs. Congolese cuisine is based on starches such as the cassava root, the corn, and the plantain; green vegetables, insects, fish and, to a lesser extent, meat. Other chapters cover topics from the distinct Congolese dress and symbolic adornments, all-important family lines, to ceremonial music and dance. A chronology and glossary are added value.

 
Culture and Customs of Gambia
by Abdoulaye Saine

This title in the Culture and Customs of Africa series examines the traditions and customs of contemporary Gambia, a geographically tiny nation in the vast landscape of Africa that is home to a large number of various ethnic groups, each with its own distinctive way of life. It is a country that has been largely unknown in Western culture, with the exception of Alex Haley's book Roots and subsequent TV series, which highlights Gambia's historic significance in the slave trade.This book illuminates Gambian religion and worldview; literature and media; arts and architecture/housing; gender roles, marriage, and family; social customs, traditional dress, cuisine, and lifestyle; and music and dance. The author has successfully encapsulated both long-ago history and contemporary Gambia to provide students with a complete look at life in Gambia today. Information on past traditions and historic events is discussed in the context of how they pertain to life today and their influence on the constant evolution of Gambian life and culture.

 
Culture and customs of Ghana
by Steven J. Salm and Toyin Falola

The decades of independence in Ghana have strengthened the idea of a national Ghanaian culture. The culture and customs of Ghana today are a product of diversity in traditional forms, influenced by a long history of Islamic and European contact. Culture and Customs of Ghana is the first book to concisely provide an up-to-date narrative on the most significant elements of the established cultural life and institutions as well as the most recent changes in the cultural landscape. Written expressly for students and the general reader, it belongs in every library supporting multicultural and African studies curricula. Ghana seeks to cultivate the philosophy of the African personality, to revive, maintain, and promote Ghanaian ways of life and integrate them into political and social institutions. Ghanaians also recognize their relationship to the rest of the world and continue to develop with the forces of globalization. Culture and Customs of Ghana authoritatively discusses the vibrant and adaptable people, from their religions to music and dance. A chronology, glossary, and numerous photos complement the text.

 
Culture and Customs of Haiti
by J. Michael Dash

Haiti is the only country that is considered Latin American but has a language and culture that are predominantly French and a population that is primarily of African descent. It is also the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and a country of extremes. Culture and Customs of Haiti fleshes out the evolution of this diverse society through discussions of the Haitian people, history, religion, social customs, media, literature and language, and performing and visual arts. This much-needed resource gives students and other readers a balanced picture of a Caribbean nation known in the United States mainly for its boat people, the Duvalier dictatorships, and voodoo.Culture and Customs of Haiti begins with an overview of the mountainous island that seemed forbidding to European colonizers. Historical periods, including French colonization, U.S. occupation in the early 20th century, Independence and the Duvaliers' reigns, until today, are reviewed and provide the framework for the volume. A chapter on the people and society details the pride of the black state that managed the only successful slave revolution in history. The extremes of society from the elite to the peasantry and slum dwellers are depicted, along with Haitians in diaspora. Religion in Haiti, with the strong amalgamation of Roman Catholicism and vaudou, a West African import, is then explained. A Social Customs chapter notes the joy that is found in such an economically depressed culture. The media and literature and language chapters necessarily unfold in the context of Haiti's political history. A section on writing in Creole is especially intriguing. Finally, chapters on the performing arts and visual arts evoke the energy and color of the people in such forms as vaudou jazz and dance, contemporary rara rock, and the folkloric influence on Haitian painting. A chronology and glossary supplement the text.

 
Culture and customs of Jamaica
by Martin Mordecai and Pamela Mordecai

"The culture and customs of colorful Jamaica receive needed attention in this volume, which is written by insiders. Jamaica is known widely for its beautiful beaches and the reggae music scene. Culture and Customs of Jamaica richly surveys the fuller wealth of the Caribbean nation: its people, history, religion, education, language, social customs, media and cinema, literature, music, and performing and visual arts. Unique to this volume are presentations on Jamaican Creole and the education system, which have never before been found in a book aimed at a general audience. Students and other interested readers will find this volume indispensable for the detailed insight on the makings of modern Jamaica."--BOOK JACKET.

 
Culture and customs of Kenya
by Neal Sobania

Kenya, a land of safaris, wild animals, and Maasai warriors, perfectly represents Africa for many Westerners. This peerless single-source book presents the contemporary reality of life in Kenya, an important East-African nation that has served as a crossroads for peoples and cultures from Africa, the Middle East, and East Asia for centuries. As such, it is a land rich in cultural and ethnic diversity, where unique and dynamic traditions blend with modern influences. Students and general readers will be engrossed in narrative overviews highlighting Kenyan history, as well as the beliefs, vibrant cultural expressions, and various lifestyles and roles of the Kenyan population. A chronology, glossary, and numerous photos enhance the narrative. Kenya today struggles with nation building. Its society comprises the haves and the have-nots and faces the challenges of the trend toward urbanization, with its attendant disruption of traditional social structures. For Kenyans, the preserving of traditional cultures is as important as making the statement that Kenya is a modern nation. Chapters on the land, people, and history; religion and worldview; literature, film, and media; art and architecture; cuisine and traditional dress; gender roles, marriage, and family; and social customs and lifestyle are up to date and written by a country expert. A chronology, glossary, and numerous photos enhance the narrative.

 
Culture and customs of Liberia
by Ayodeji Olukoju

Liberia has a strong connection to the United States in that it was founded by former slaves in 1822. Although Liberia had existed as an independent African nation and a symbol of hope to the African peoples under the rule of various colonial powers, its recent history has been bedeviled by a prolonged upheaval following a military coup d'etat in 1980. In this context, the narrative highlights the distinctiveness of Liberians in their negotiation of traditional indigenous and modern practices, and the changes wrought by Christianity and Western influences.

 
Culture and Customs of Namibia
by Anene Ejikeme

Namibia is a sizeable and significant country in southern Africa that is little known to the outside world. A vast country of startling beauty with a storied history, including one of the world's worst genocides and a war of independence that lasted nearly a quarter century, this "land between two deserts" is a fascinating result of its African, German, and English influences.Culture and Customs of Namibia is one of very few English language works written about Namibia's history, culture, and society. The book reveals details about Namibian daily life, gender relations, modern youth culture, and the influence of traditional cultures that allow readers to appreciate this country's unique character. A section on tourism explains how Namibia -- an extremely arid country with an immense number and diversity of wildlife -- is on the cutting edge of ecotourism.

 
Culture and customs of Nigeria
by Toyin Falola

Nigeria, one of the largest and most important countries in Africa, is rich in traditions and customs, both indigenous and modern. Culture and Customs of Nigeria is the only concise, authoritative, and up-to-date discussion of Nigerian culture that introduces to a Western audience the complexity of its society and the emerging lifestyles among its various peoples. Students and other interested readers will learn about all major aspects of Nigerian culture and customs, including the land, peoples, and brief historical overview; religion and worldview; literature and media; art and architecture/housing; cuisine and traditional dress; gender, marriage, and family; social customs and lifestyles; and music and dance. Nigerians are proud of their diverse culture comprising more than 250 ethnic groups. Important changes in their economy and political system are helping them cope with challenges in the modern world. Culture and Customs of Nigeria illuminates a dynamic society—how Nigerians today live, work, worship, interact, relax, and express themselves. Numerous photos, a chronology, and a glossary complement the text.

 
Culture and customs of Senegal
by Eric S. Ross

A blend of indigenous life in the rural countryside and metropolitan culture in urban centers, Senegal has been a small, yet prominent country on Africa's western coast. In this comprehensive study of contemporary Senegalese life, readers will learn how daily lifestyles are celebrated through both religious and secular customs. Students can investigate how Senegal's oral storytelling, Islamic roots, and French colonialism have shaped literature and media in today's society. From the street to the studio, the topic of art in Senegalese life is also covered. Ross also delves into architectural styles and modern housing in urban environments, while also covering typical cuisine and traditional fashion. Readers will learn about the typical Senegalese family as a social and economic unit, and will see how music, dance, and sports play an integral role in their lives. Ideal for high school students and general readers, this volume in the Culture and Customs of Africa series is a perfect addition to any library's reference collection.

 
Culture and Customs of Somalia
by Mohamed Diriye Abdullahi

Somalia, the Horn of Africa nation, is finally recovering from recent wars and famine. Written by a native Somali, Culture and Customs of Somalia gives students and interested readers an in-depth look at the land and people, past and present. It is the only accessible, comprehensive, and up-to-date general reference on this country. Somalia was once colonized by Europeans, but Abdullahi's superb survey, with its historical context, evokes a Somaliland from a Somali viewpoint.Somalia, the Horn of Africa nation, is finally recovering from recent wars and famine. Written by a native Somali, Culture and Customs of Somalia gives students and interested readers an in-depth look at the land and people, past and present. It is the only accessible, comprehensive, and up-to-date general reference on this country.This Muslim country has strong pastoral roots and is known as a land of poets with a long oral cultural tradition. Some highlights found herein include discussion of handcrafts and artisanry, distinctive architecture and nomad housing, camel culture, intriguing food and eating customs, rites of passage, leisure and economic pursuits, education, and the Somali musical genres. A chronology, glossary, and numerous photos enhance the text.

 
Culture and customs of South Africa
by Funso Afolayan

"With the demise of Apartheid in 1994, South Africa can be considered the newest of African nations. It is the economic powerhouse of southern Africa, as well as one of the continent's most ethnically, culturally, and linguistically varied countries. This inclusive overview is an essential, substantial introduction to South Africa today. The volume provides a historical context that unites the varied strands of South Africans, from Afrikaner to Indian and Zulu." "This timely work expands our knowledge of South Africa beyond the headlines. The European angle with regard to the Boers, the Afrikaners, and Apartheid is clarified. Yet the African angle is paramount, including balanced insights into various traditions and ways of life. A chronology, glossary, photos, and map complement the narrative."--BOOK JACKET.

 
Culture and customs of Zimbabwe
by Oyekan Owomoyela

Zimbabwe, formerly known as Rhodesia, won its independence from Great Britain in 1980 yet continues to feel the impact of Western lifestyles and prejudices. This rich, accessible overview freshly examines Zimbabwe, evoking the contemporary ways of life in a largely homogenous and agricultural country. Students and general readers will discover an engaging narrative that ranges from an explanation of the beer culture to a powerful discussion of marriage, family, and gender roles from the Zimbabwean perspective. Owomoyela also authoritatively conveys the coexistence of traditional and Western forces today in such areas as religion and music. A chronology and glossary accompany the text.