Context Resources for Correctional Living Spaces

Living Spaces:   MultiFamily   Student   Military   Correctional   Medical   SingleFamily
Composite Communities:  Upscale   Mainstay   Working   Country   Aspiring   Urban



Context Resources for  Correctional Living Spaces

Each of the six correctional living spaces offers a unique living situation.  Below are non-religious resources that describe and discuss each of the correctional living contexts.

District Correctional Facilities Maps:  01   02   03   04   05   06   07   08   09   10   11   12

Correctional Resources

Local Jails
State Prisons
Federal Prisons
Correctional Residential
Youth Residential
Juvenile Correctional
Context Resources
Ministry Resources
Missional Resources

About the Correctional System

Community-Based Corrections
by Leanne Fiftal Alarid

The tenth edition of best-selling COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS delivers essential information on the wide array of punishments and treatment programs that constitute alternatives to prison and jail. Although some offenders need to be incarcerated for public safety reasons, this book argues that the vast majority of convicted offenders can be effectively supervised in the community--using programs that meet the level of risk posed by, and the needs of, each individual. Offering a balanced approach that reflects a strong emphasis on practical and legal matters, the book provides solid coverage of numerous community corrections programs, including probation, parole, electronic monitoring, house arrest, day-treatment centers, boot camps, restitution, and fines.

American Corrections
by Todd R. Clear, Michael D. Reisig, George F. Cole

Explore the American corrections system from the perspective of both the corrections worker and the offender in AMERICAN CORRECTIONS, Eleventh Edition. Comprehensive yet not overwhelming, the book covers both institutional and community sanctions, incorporating high-profile corrections cases taken from recent headlines to reinforce important theories. The authors "tell it like it is," offering you thought-provoking, unbiased examinations of such topics as assisting felons during the re-entry process, reducing recidivism, the death penalty, and surveillance. You'll also get a frontline view of careers in the corrections field.

Introduction to Corrections
by Robert D. Hanser

Introduction to Corrections provides students with an understanding of basic concepts in the field of corrections. Designed for introductory corrections courses in criminal justice programs at two- and four-year schools, for both traditional ground and online settings, it offers comprehensive coverage of both institutional and community corrections, with particular emphasis on the perspective of the practitioner. Students taking corrections classes often have wild misconceptions about prison work and the corrections environment – misconceptions typically derived from movies and the news, and even current textbooks. In this new text, Robert Hanser uses his own on-the-ground experience to colorfully explain how the corrections system actually works, and what it’s like to be a part of it.

The Prison Experience: Special Issues of Women in Prison
by Merry Morash, Pamela J. Schram

Confined to an institution and further burdened by patriarchal assumptions and stereotypes, incarcerated women struggle to retain a sense of self-worth for themselves and often for their children. Scholarship on the subject typically has either ignored or trivialized the role of gender as an organizing feature of society. The result is a lack of emphasis on the role played by gender in the lives of women in a correctional setting. In this theoretically informed and empirically grounded textbook, Morash and Schram explain the realities of prison life for women from a feminist perspective. The hope for reform begins with an informed public so that a system premised on deterrence and punishment can also offer opportunities for rehabilitation.

About the Correctional Living Spaces

Chicken Soup for the Prisoner's Soul: 101 Stories to Open the Heart and Rekindle the Spirit of Hope, Healing and Forgiveness
by Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen, Tom Lagana

Previously available only through free distribution to prisons, this life-changing book is the result of charitable donations from sales of Chicken Soup for the Christian Family Soul and gifts from thousands of individuals.

Art of the Con: Avoiding Offender Manipulation
by Gary F. Cornelius

Even after completing 27 years of service in local corrections, publishing eight books and teaching classes on corrections, Gary Cornelius still has much to share. In his most recent book, “The Art of The Con: Avoiding Offender Manipulation, Second Edition.” Cornelius discusses the issue of inmate manipulation. By combining his own findings with other expert accounts in “Voices from the Field,” Cornelius delivers a powerful account he hopes will be used both in the classroom and during staff training. His latest work gives the reader valuable tips on how to deal with inmate manipulation. He believes it’s important for those who work with inmates to understand the game of inmate manipulation because, “The offender has nothing to lose and everything to gain. On the other hand, the correctional worker has everything to lose, and there’s really no gain,” Cornelius says. He goes onto explain that the inmate may flirt with the staff member, voice several compliments, or try to talk to them about their problems. They are usually not looking for a friendship, but contraband such as cigarettes or drugs. If they are discovered in these acts, they normally face being written up or a similar consequence. If the staff member gives in to their games, they could lose their jobs, their families and anything else that may be important to them. “You’re going into this environment and they’re going to play a game with you. Like any game, if you play, you have to know your opponent,” explained Cornelius. Cornelius learned a great deal while researching for this particular book. Interestingly enough he learned more about inmates in his research. He said, “I learned that there are no limits to an offender’s imagination…nothing surprises me…the imagination is endless. It knows no bounds.” He described the lengths that offenders will go to and the fact that they have no problem fabricating stories, faking mental illness and thoughts of suicide. Further, he explained, “They’ll come up with very good embellished stories. That’s what makes this subject interesting. It’s not a subject that you get tried of reading about. It’s just amazing what I came away with.” Cornelius began his work in corrections as a police officer and moved into corrections. He has received numerous awards for his efforts in the corrections community. Further, has used his knowledge to teach classes at George Mason University as well as for various criminal justice academies in the Virginia area. He always tells his students to get an idea of what the corrections field is really like. He recommends, “Get internships, don’t worry about getting paid. That experience will stay with you for the rest of your life. You can always put that on an application or a resume, and you get to see what the good folks in criminal justice and corrections actually go through.” Often people wonder why a person would be interested in working in a jail or prison. Cornelius took no time for hesitation when he said, “When you work in a jail or a prison with inmates, no two days are alike. Every day is different and there are some days when you see inmates straighten out and it’s a good feeling.” He described a day when he saw a man who used to be an inmate in the facility where he was working. The man had done his time and moved on with his life and was raising a family. Cornelius made sure to emphasize that not all inmates are bad, which is something that the general public does not always think ab…

Orange Is the New Black
by Piper Kerman

With a career, a boyfriend, and a loving family, Piper Kerman barely resembles the reckless young woman who delivered a suitcase of drug money ten years ago. But that past has caught up with her. Convicted and sentenced to fifteen months at the infamous federal correctional facility in Danbury, Connecticut, the well-heeled Smith College alumna is now inmate #11187-424 one of the millions of women who disappear "down the rabbit hole" of the American penal system. From her first strip search to her final release, Kerman learns to navigate this strange world with its strictly enforced codes of behavior and arbitrary rules, where the uneasy relationship between prisoner and jailer is constantly and unpredictably recalibrated. She meets women from all walks of life, who surprise her with small tokens of generosity, hard words of wisdom, and simple acts of acceptance. Heartbreaking, hilarious, and at times enraging, Kerman's story offers a rare look into the lives of women in prison'why it is we lock so many away and what happens to them when they're there.Look for special features inside. Join the Circle for author chats and more.

Serving Productive Time: Stories, Poems, and Tips to Inspire Positive Change from Inmates, Prison Staff, and Volunteers
by Tom Lagana and Laura Lagana

Are you or have you ever been incarcerated? Do you have a loved one in jail or prison? Do you work or volunteer at a correctional facility? Have you ever been the victim of a crime? Do you understand that we all share the responsibility of helping others—no matter who they are, where they live, or what they have done? If so, you understand that incarceration affects everyone and that only through positive change can people begin to heal and grow. In Serving Productive Time, you'll read about extraordinary people who are taking tangible steps to make positive changes in their own lives and who are reaching out to help others do the same. Some stories will help you gain a new perspective on those who are incarcerated. Some will help you understand the need to prepare inmates for release and to support them afterward. Others will help you appreciate your freedom and remind you that we all make mistakes. And still others will reaffirm the fact that, although many of us might be imprisoned in some way (either by a limiting belief, illness, or other situation), we all need a helping hand at some point in our lives to lift us up and show us the path to a new life. Serving Productive Time will leave you with a renewed appreciation of the need for all of us to use our time wisely to make ongoing, positive changes in our lives and to bring others along with us in the process—whether we live or work inside or outside the razor wire.

Prison Guide: Prison Survival Secrets Revealed
by A. Pisano

Prison Guide: Prison Survival Secrets Revealed finally delivers the unwritten prison survival secrets of true hardened veterans. The survival guide explains current methods, philosophies and critical information. Have you ever wondered how shocking it is to transition into a prison environment? Ever imagine the true survival strategies that lie behind prison walls? What would be the best way to handle a problem in this foreign setting? How do you avoid trouble? Are the stories about jail true? Discover the techniques, the true survival practices within prisons to safely go home to your family as soon as possible. This is no story. The author delivers information that gives physical safety and mental well-being tactics, strategies, and tips for the new inmate.

A World Apart: Women, Prison, and Life Behind Bars
by Christina Rathbone

“Life in a women’s prison is full of surprises,” writes Cristina Rathbone in her landmark account of life at MCI-Framingham. And so it is. After two intense court battles with prison officials, Rathbone gained unprecedented access to the otherwise invisible women of the oldest running women’s prison in America. The picture that emerges is both astounding and enraging. Women reveal the agonies of separation from family, and the prevalence of depression, and of sexual predation, and institution…

Behind Bars: Surviving Prison
by Jeffrey Ian Ross, Stephen C. Richard

A judge hands down a stretch in a local, state, or federal prison. It's time for some serious life lessons. With the crime rates soaring in the United States and the prison population growing faster than at any time in American history, staying alive and well -- both mentally and physically -- is tougher than ever

Freedom Behind Bars: Mentors from Prison
by Donald L. Wright, PhD

Freedom Behind Bars is an inspirational work for those who are imprisoned, either literally or in “mind-forged manacles.” In this work, author Donald L. Wright, PhD, has compiled the stories and wisdom of sixteen men and women, who have spent time in prison and miraculously found a way to use it as a positive experience, including successfully transitioning back into the public arena. Among them are notable figures Nelson Mandela, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Dr. Wright builds on the stories with ten valuable lessons he believes we can learn from these prison “mentors." He then goes on to reveal, openly and authentically, how these ten principles have positively impacted his own life. Whether you’re currently incarcerated, close to someone who is, or feel imprisoned in your own life situation, this book will inspire you to free yourself of the chains you have control over—those of the mind.

About the Families of Prisoners

Parenting From Prison: A Hands-on Guide for Incarcerated Parents
by James M. Birney

Parenting From Prison was written for the incarcerated parent who is seeking to establish or grow a quality relationship with their child. Parenting from Prison is a unique experience that requires a parent to adapt their traditional parenting roles and responsibilities, to the prison environment and the limitations that come with it. Having an incarcerated parent creates a unique situation for the child; they struggle to progress along a typical emotional development path. This struggle occurs because the child is exposed to new, additional or more powerful feelings, ones that can weaken their overall ability to cope and progress emotionally. Your child could be experiencing anger, rage, abandonment, rejection, hopelessness, powerlessness, loss, sadness, fear, guilt, disbelief, anxiety or confusion. It is vitally important that you help your child to understand and work through the feelings that they are having. There is only one way for you to do this with your child – it is to stay connected to them in a healthy, positive and emotionally supportive way. Parenting From Prison is a hands-on, practical guide that walks an incarcerated parent through the preparation and process of becoming a vital, positive, encouraging parent to their child. The book discusses A Child’s Development Needs, Preparing to Parent From Prison, What a Child Asks, Visiting with Your Child and contains a sample parenting plan and activities that will help you to maintain a closer connection to their c…

Empowering Children of Incarcerated Parents
by Stacey Burgess, Tonia Caselman, Jennifer Carsey

This book is for counselors, social workers, psychologists and teachers who work with children ages 7-12 who have a parent who is in jail or prison. It is designed so that work can be done individually or in small groups. Each chapter includes a brief literature review, suggestions for additional supports, discussion questions, fictional letters between a boy and his incarcerated father, activities, and reproducible worksheets. Topics include: Understanding What Happened Building a Support System Dealing with Shame Allowing for Grief Acknowledging Trauma Developing a Positive Identity Learning to Ensure Success Handling Angry Feelings Building Positive Relationships Planning for the Future

Doing Time Together: Love and Family in the Shadow of the Prison
by Megan Comfort

By quadrupling the number of people behind bars in two decades, the United States has become the world leader in incarceration. Much has been written on the men who make up the vast majority of the nation’s two million inmates. But what of the women they leave behind? Doing Time Together vividly details the ways that prisons shape and infiltrate the lives of women with husbands, fiancés, and boyfriends on the inside. Megan Comfort spent years getting to know women visiting men at San Quentin State Prison, observing how their romantic relationships drew them into contact with the penitentiary. Tangling with the prison’s intrusive scrutiny and rigid rules turns these women into “quasi-inmates,” eroding the boundary between home and prison and altering their sense of intimacy, love, and justice. Yet Comfort also finds that with social welfare weakened, prisons are the most powerful public institutions available to women struggling to overcome untreated social ills and sustain relationships with marginalized men. As a result, they express great ambivalence about the prison and the control it exerts over their daily lives. An illuminating analysis of women caught in the shadow of America’s massive prison system, Comfort’s book will be essential for anyone concerned with the consequences of our punitive culture.

The Unvarnished Truth about the Prison Family Journey
by Carolyn Esparza, LPC and Philip Don Yow

One frantic call from the local jail catapults an entire family on a frightening journey that no family would wish to travel. Their traumatic journey encounters endless frustration and infuriating madness from which there is no escape. Millions of Americans are traumatized by the mass incarceration in this country. The Unvarnished Truth about the Prison Family Journey is an exceptional resource for prison families, as well as those serving them in the fields of criminal justice, education, ministry and mental health care. The authors have over fifty years combined personal and professional experience with the criminal justice system. They weave graphic personal, legal and emotional perspectives into a rare and boldly honest look at the realities faced by prison families. They offer encouragement and hope for successfully navigating the journey.

The Memoir of an Incarcerated Heart
by Bishelya A. Jones

This memoir depicts the ups and downs of a prisoner's wife. It tells about the real life that the wife experiences in dealing with her marriage along with her thoughts, feelings, and personal intimate details. It is sure to capture your mind and challenge you to think "outside of the walls."

Effects of Parental Incarceration on Young Children
by US Department of Health and Human Services

For imprisoned mothers, one of the greatest punishments incarceration carries with it is separation from their children. As one mother put it, “I can do time alone OK. But its not knowing what’s happening to my son that hurts most” (Baunach, 1988, p. 121, cited in Garcia Coll et al., 1998). As this quote suggests, when parents are incarcerated, “what’s happening” to their children is a great concern. It is a concern for us as well. Our goal in this paper is to examine the impact of parental incarceration on children’s well-being and development, to determine just what is happening to these children. Several assumptions guided our examination of this problem. First, we assumed that the child is located in a family system and to understand the impact of incarceration on the child, the network of relationships within the family system needed to be considered (Belsky, 1984; Sameroff, 1994). Second, we assumed that the developmental level of the child at the time of parental incarceration and the quality of the relationship the child had developed with the incarcerated parent needed to be considered (Bowlby, 1973). Third, the gender of the incarcerated parent was examined, because separation from mother may affect children differently from separation from father (Parke, 2001) Fourth,characteristics of the extended kin network in which the family of the incarcerated parent is located were considered (Cochran & Brassard, 1979). Finally, the nature and availability of formal institutional supports for the family of the incarcerated parent were given attention (Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 1998). Scope of the problem Who is incarcerated and how many of those incarcerated are parents? According to recent estimates (Mumola, 2000), nearly 3.6 million parents are under some form of correctional supervision, including parole. Of these parents, almost 1.1 million are incarcerated in federal, state, or local jails. These parents have an estimated 2.3 million children. Alarmingly, the rate of parental incarceration has gone up sharply in the last decade. In 1991, there were 452,500 parents in state and federal prisons, with 936,500 minor children. By 2000, the number of parents in prisons had nearly doubled to 737,400, and the number of children affected rose by over a third to 1,531,500 (Mumola, 2001). Although the absolute numbers have increased, however, the percentage of state and federal prisoners with minor children has not changed over this time period. In 1991, 57% of …

When A Parent Goes To Jail: A Comprehensive Guide for Counseling Children of Incarcerated Parents
by Rebecca M. Yaffe, Lonnie F. Hoade, Barbara S. Moody (Illustrator

A comprehensive guide for counseling children of incarcerated parents. 46 full color illustrations. Glossary. Statistic: According to the National Association of School Psychologists, there are approximately 1.5 million children in the United States with a parent in prison. Statistic: Children with parents in prison are five times more likely than the average child to commit crimes and be imprisoned. Statistic: Experts estimate that by the next decade, one half of all prisoners will be from a fa…

After Release from a Correctional Facility

Getting Out & Staying Out: A Black Man's Guide to Success After Prison
by Demico Boothe

The United States of America has more people behind bars than any other country in the world and every year nearly 700,000 prisoners get released back into society, the largest percentage of them being black males. "Getting Out & Staying Out" is a short, easy to read set of guidelines intended to help incarcerated and newly freed African-American men (a) learn how to most productively do their time while in prison (b) know what to expect once they are released (c) understand that entrepreneurshi…

How to Do Good After Prison
by Michael B. Jackson, Ron Kenne

How to Do Time in the Joint How to Do Good After Prison How to Do Good on Parole How to Understand the Conditions of Parole Parole FAQs Federal & State Parole Directory

Best Jobs for Ex-Offenders: 101 Opportunities to Jump-Start Your New Life
by Ron Krannich, PhD

Ex-offenders face difficulties in finding and keeping jobs with a promising future. Often young, inexperienced, and living in a world of illusions, most ex-offenders lack knowledge about opportunities appropriate for their red flag backgrounds. This is the first book to outline jobs for ex-offenders. It profiles 101 opportunities (job outlook, nature of work, qualifications, earnings, contacts) that are open to ex-offenders. It also identifies various jobs closed to ex-offenders.

When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry
by Joan Petersilia

In 2003, well over half a million jailed Americans will leave prison and return to society. Largely uneducated, unskilled, often without family support, and with the stigma of a prison record hanging over them, many if not most will experience serious social and psychological problems after release. Fewer than one in three prisoners receive substance abuse or mental health treatment while incarcerated, and each year fewer and fewer participate in the dwindling number of vocational or educational pre-release programs, leaving many all but unemployable. Not surprisingly, the great majority is rearrested, most within six months of their release. What happens when all those sent down the river come back up--and out? As long as there have been prisons, society has struggled with how best to help prisoners reintegrate once released. But the current situation is unprecedented. As a result of the quadrupling of the American prison population in the last quarter century, the number of returning offenders dwarfs anything in America's history. What happens when a large percentage of inner-city men, mostly Black and Hispanic, are regularly extracted, imprisoned, and then returned a few years later in worse shape and with dimmer prospects than when they committed the crime resulting in their imprisonment? What toll does this constant "churning" exact on a community? And what do these trends portend for public safety? A crisis looms, and the criminal justice and social welfare system is wh…

Beyond Bars: Rejoining Society After Prison
by Jeffrey Ian Ross, Stephen C. Richards

Can the common criminal get a fresh start An essential resource for former convicts and their families post-incarceration. The United States has the largest criminal justice system in the world, with currently over 7 million adults and juveniles in jail, prison, or community custody. Because they spend enough time in prison to disrupt their connections to their families and their communities, they are not prepared for the difficult and often life-threatening process of reentry. As a result, the percentage of these people who return to a life of crime and additional prison time escalates each year. Beyond Bars is the most current, practical, and comprehensive guide for ex-convicts and their families about managing a successful reentry into the community and includes: Tips on how to prepare for release while still in Prison Ways to deal with family members, especially spouses and children Finding a job Money issues such as budgets, bank accounts, taxes, and debt Avoiding drugs and other illicit activities Free resources to rely on for support

Information About Juvenile Correctional Living Spaces

Juvenile Delinquency in a Diverse Society
by Kristen A. Bates and Richelle S. Swan

This engaging, student-friendly text takes a critical look at juvenile delinquency today. Authors Kristin Bates and Richelle Swan examine the phenomenon of juvenile delinquency in the context of real communities and social policies, integrating into the text the many social factors that shape juvenile delinquency and its control (including race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality). Offering a thorough mix of traditional and cutting-edge theories, research, and practices, this text helps stu…

Last Chance in Texas: The Redemption of Criminal Youth
by John Hubner

A powerful, bracing and deeply spiritual look at intensely, troubled youth, Last Chance in Texas gives a stirring account of the way one remarkable prison rehabilitates its inmates.While reporting on the juvenile court system, journalist John Hubner kept hearing about a facility in Texas that ran the most aggressive -- and one of the most successful -- treatment programs for violent young offenders in America. How was it possible, he wondered, that a state like Texas, famed for its hardcore attitude toward crime and punishment, could be leading the way in the rehabilitation of violent and troubled youth? Now Hubner shares the surprising answers he found over months of unprecedented access to the Giddings State School, home to "the worst of the worst": four hundred teenage lawbreakers convicted of crimes ranging from aggravated assault to murder. Hubner follows two of these youths -- a boy and a girl -- through harrowing group therapy sessions in which they, along with their fellow inmates, recount their crimes and the abuse they suffered as children. The key moment comes when the young offenders reenact these soul-shattering moments with other group members in cathartic outpourings of suffering and anger that lead, incredibly, to genuine remorse and the beginnings of true empathy . . . the first steps on the long road to redemption.Cutting through the political platitudes surrounding the controversial issue of juvenile justice, Hubner lays bare the complex ties between abuse and violence. By turns wrenching and uplifting, Last Chance in Texas tells a profoundly moving story about the children who grow up to inflict on others the violence that they themselves have suffered. It is a story of horror and heartbreak, yet ultimately full of hope.From the Hardcover edition.

Juvenile Corrections
by Rick Ruddell and Matthew O. Thomas

On any given day, there are over 100,000 youthful offenders held in a variety of residential placements, from community-based wilderness experience programs or group homes to high security facilities that are almost indistinguishable from prisons. In addition, thousands of juveniles are incarcerated in adult jails or prisons and some will serve the rest of their lives behind bars. Despite a 200-year history of holding juveniles in these settings, there is a gap in our knowledge about what actually occurs within these places. There are assaults, murders and suicides, as well as staff and resident misconduct, medical misadventures, unintentional injuries and mismanagement. On the other hand, there are thousands of hard-working, dedicated, and professional staff members in these facilities who enthusiastically work toward the rehabilitation of these young people. The contributors to this volume examine some of the key issues and trends within contemporary juvenile corrections, highlight promising rehabilitative practices, and identify the challenges of working with these youth.

Let Me Live: Voices of Youth Incarcerated (Poetry Behind The Walls)
by Save the Kids

Part of the Poetry Behind the Walls series, this anthology collects the work of incarcerated youth worldwide. The poems and autobiographical sketches featured remind readers that incarcerated youth are thinking and feeling individuals with the same aspirations and goals as other children, not merely statistics to analyze or incorrigible people to forget and discard. As a creative outlet and space for expression, the book provides a means for the poets to empower themselves and resist victimizati…

Juvenile Delinquency
by Donald L. Shoemaker

Juvenile Delinquency is a comprehensive textbook that covers criminal behavior and justice for young people. Donald J. Shoemaker offers a simple and accessible text for students who are seeking a better understanding of crime and youth culture. With a strong emphasis on the importance of theory and practice, this updated edition of Juvenile Delinquency is a must read for understanding crime and youth culture.

Juvenile Delinquency: The Core
by Larry J. Siegel, Brandon C. Welsh

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: THE CORE, 5th Edition delivers cutting-edge coverage of essential theory, policy, and the latest research in one value-priced, reader-friendly paperback. Renowned for its balanced approach and engaging writing style, this brief book helps readers understand the nature of delinquency and its causes, as well as current strategies being used to control or eliminate its occurrence.

Educating Incarcerated Youth: Exploring the Impact of Relationships, Expectations, Resources and Accountability
by Lynette Tannis

What happens to school-age children when they become incarcerated? Although juvenile justice courts were established in the United States more than a hundred years ago, there has been very little research on the provision and quality of education programs in juvenile justice facilities. This book is the first to provide an inside look at the perspectives and practices of juvenile justice principals and teachers. Exploring a range of educational facilities in the United States, Tannis argues …

Juvenile Justice: An Introduction, 7th edition
by John T. Whitehead, Steven P. Lab

Juvenile Justice: An Introduction is a student-friendly analysis of all aspects of the juvenile justice system. The book covers the history and development of the juvenile justice system and the unique issues related to juveniles, including police interaction, court processes, due process, movements toward diversion and deinstitutionalization, and community intervention. This book also examines particular issues within juvenile justice, such as female delinquency, gang delinquency, and the use of the death penalty and Life Without Parole with juveniles. Evidence-based suggestions for successful interventions and treatment are included, with a focus on performing cost-benefit analyses of what works versus what is ineffective with juveniles. The book concludes with a look to the future of the juvenile court, including the real possibility of abolition. Provides an engaging introduction to all aspects of the juvenile justice system in America. This seventh edition builds on a trusted and well-known textbook with new material on key issues such as sexting, bullying, social media, and the issues of non-delinquent youths.Robust offerings for students include study questions, discussion questions, "What You Need to Know" sections in each chapter, key terms identified, online case study questions, and links to relevant websites.Instructors are provided with helpful test question banks, lesson plans, sample syllabi, PowerPoint lecture slides, and links to useful websites. Glossary consolidates key terms with definitions.