The South Central Region is home to much of Alabama's Black Belt, part of the larger Black Belt Region of the Southern United States, which stretches from Texas to Maryland. The term referred originally to the region underlain by a thin layer of rich, black topsoil. However, today descendants of freed slaves make up the largest proportion of the population in most Black Belt counties. Thus, the term "Black Belt" is understood both as a demographic characterization as much as a geologic one. Urban centers in this region include: Alexander City, Auburn, Demopolis, Montgomery, Opelika, Phenix City and Selma.
Five hundred twenty-seven ALSBOM churches and sixteen associations dot the South Central Region landscape with the mission of penetrating the lostness of 480,651 people who are unreached.
In the South Central Region the number of households in Urban Communities is more than double any other group. The black mid-city families in the “African-American Neighborhoods” and the black singles and single parents of “Struggling City Centers” together represent 20% of the households in this region. Country Communities, led by “Hinterland Families,” represents less than 17% of households. The empty-nest homeowner couples of “Steadfast Conservatives” in metro fringe areas are less than 12% of the region. Each represents a unique missional challenge to reach them effectively.
The top three groups of language speakers over the age of 5 in the South Central Region include: 13,639 Spanish, 2,248 French and 2,061 German.
After a careful evaluation of the active SBC and evangelical presence within a three mile radius of the center of each of the 221 census tracts within the region, forty-five locations for new church plants have been identified.